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FreeBSD-SA-18:01.ipsec [REVISED] Security Advisory
The FreeBSD Project
Topic: ipsec validation and use-after-free
Credits: Maxime Villard
Affects: All supported versions of FreeBSD.
Corrected: 2018-02-24 13:04:02 UTC (stable/11, 11.1-STABLE)
2018-03-07 05:53:35 UTC (releng/11.1, 11.1-RELEASE-p7)
2018-03-07 16:55:15 UTC (stable/10, 10.4-STABLE)
2018-03-07 17:16:41 UTC (releng/10.4, 10.4-RELEASE-p7)
2018-03-07 17:16:41 UTC (releng/10.3, 10.3-RELEASE-p28)
CVE Name: CVE-2018-6916
For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories,
including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the
following sections, please visit .
0. Revision History
v1.0 2018-03-07 Initial release.
v1.1 2018-03-08 Correct patch for 10.x releases.
The IPsec suite of protocols provide network level security for IPv4 and IPv6
packets. FreeBSD includes software originally developed by the KAME project
which implements the various protocols that make up IPsec.
In IPsec, the IP Authentication Header (AH) is used to provide protection
against replay attacks and connectionless integrity and data origin
authentication for IP datagrams.
II. Problem Description
Due to a lack of strict checking, an attacker from a trusted host can
send a specially constructed IP packet that may lead to a system crash.
Additionally, a use-after-free vulnerability in the AH handling code could
cause unpredictable results.
Access to out of bounds or freed mbuf data can lead to a kernel panic or
other unpredictable results.
No workaround is available, but systems not using IPsec are not vulnerable.
Perform one of the following:
1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to a supported FreeBSD stable or
release / security branch (releng) dated after the correction date.
And reboot the system.
2) To update your vulnerable system via a binary patch:
Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:
# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install
And reboot the system
3) To update your vulnerable system via a source code patch:
The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.
[*** v1.1 NOTE ***] If your 10.x sources were already patched using the
initially published advisory patches, you need to apply the
ipsec-10.rev1.patch. If you had not yet patched your 10.x sources, you need
only apply the ipsec-10.patch file. 11.1 sources were correct in the initial
release and do not need to be updated.
a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.
[FreeBSD 10.x system not patched with the original SA-18:01 patch]
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:01/ipsec-10.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:01/ipsec-10.patch.asc
# gpg –verify ipsec-10.patch.asc
[FreeBSD 10.x that had been patched with the original SA-18:01 patch]
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:01/ipsec-10.rev1.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:01/ipsec-10.rev1.patch.asc
# gpg –verify ipsec-10.rev1.patch.asc
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:01/ipsec-11.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:01/ipsec-11.patch.asc
# gpg –verify ipsec-11.patch.asc
b) Apply the patch. Execute the following commands as root:
# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch
c) Recompile your kernel as described in
and reboot the
VI. Correction details
The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each
To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:
# svn diff -cNNNNNN –summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base
Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:
The latest revision of this advisory is available at
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