Announce: Flatpak 1.0.0


Changes in 1.0
==============

Flatpak 1.0 is the first version in a new stable release series. This
new 1.x series is the successor to the 0.10.x series, which was first
introduced in October 2017. 1.0 is the new standard Flatpak version,
and distributions are recommended to update to it as soon as possible.

It is available here:
https://github.com/flatpak/flatpak/releases/tag/1.0.0

Checksums:
$ sha256sum flatpak-1.0.0.tar.xz
e61bd01cffbbbb2ecd6a0946307987f9de795533358ba6ed7c63ce0c9f3b03e7
flatpak-1.0.0.tar.xz

The following release notes describe the major changes since
0.10.0. For a complete overview of Flatpak, please see
[docs.flatpak.org](http://docs.flatpak.org/en/latest/).

## For users, app developers and distributors

Flatpak 1.0 marks a significant improvement in performance and
reliability, and includes a big collection of bug fixes. 1.0 also
includes a collection of new features, including:

* Faster installation and updates.
* Applications can now be marked as end-of-life. App centers and
desktops can use this information to warn users who have an end-of-life
version installed.
* Permissions now use an up-front verification model: users are
asked to confirm app permissions at install time, if an update
requires additional permissions, the user must also confirm.
* A new portal allows apps to create sandboxes and restart
themselves. This allows
applications to restart themselves after they have been updated (to
start using the new version), and to increase sandboxing for parts
of the application.
* `flatpak-spawn` is a new tool for running host commands (if
permissions allow) and creating new sandboxes from an app (this
uses the above portals APIs).
* Apps can now export D-Bus services for all the D-Bus names they are
privileged to own (rather than just the application ID).
* Flatpak’s support for OCI bundles has been updated to the latest
specification. Also, AppData can now be distributed through OCI
repositories.
* Host TLS certificates are now exposed to applications, using
p11-kit-server. This removes a point of friction when accessing
network services in some environments.
* Apps can now request access the host SSH agent to securely access
remote servers or Git repositories.
* A new application permission can be used to grant access to
Bluetooth devices.
* A new `fallback-x11` permission grants X11 access, but only if the
user is running in a X11 session. For applications that support
both Wayland and X11, this can be used to ensure that the app
doesn’t have unnecessary X11 access while in Wayland, but still
works in an X11 session.
* Peer-to-peer installation (via USB sticks or local network) is now
enabled and supported by default in all builds.

The Flatpak command line also introduces new commands and options, including:

* `uninstall –unused` automatically removes unused runtimes and
extensions (if you’ve removed all apps that depend on a runtime, or
all the apps you had depending on it have upgraded to a newer
version).
* New `info` options, including `–show-permissions`,
`–file-access`, `–show-location`, `–show-runtime`, `–show-sdk`.
* `repair` – fixes broken installs by scanning for errors, removing
invalid objects and reinstalling anything that’s missing.
* `permission-*` – allows interaction with the portals permissions
store. This is useful for testing and for getting back to a clean
state.
* `create-usb` – can be used to prepare an repository to be used as a
local updates source.

Finally, the command line has a collection of other improvements, such as:

* If `–system` or `–user` aren’t specified, one is automatically
picked if it is obvious (or it will ask if the correct option isn’t
obvious).
* The `install`, `update` and `uninstall` commands now ask for
confirmation of changes before proceeding, in order to prevent
mistakes, and to show the required application permissions.
* The `uninstall` command now does not allow you to remove a runtime
if some installed application requires it.
* `flatpak remove` is now an alias for `flatpak uninstall`.

## For Linux distributors, OS and platform developers

* Flatpak no longer requires a filesystem that supports `xattr`.
* Portals are now more cleanly separated from Flatpak, thanks to the
document portal and permission store having been moved to
`xdg-desktop-portal`. It is recommended that the flatpak package has
a weak dependency on `xdg-desktop-portal`.
* `libflatpak` now has a transaction API for install, update and
uninstall operations. This means that it is much easier to use as
the basis of app centers and other graphical app management
software.
* Flatpak now sets several HTTP headers when installing applications,
which make it easier for Flatpak repositories to log things like
app download statistics and Flatpak versions in use.
* It is now recommended that Flatpak packages add a dependency on
p11-kit-server, as this allows apps to access host
certificates. However, this does not need to be a hard dependency.
* Requires bubblewrap 0.2.1 or later, and comes bundled with 0.3.0.
* Requires OSTree 2018.7.


=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
Alexander Larsson Red Hat, Inc
alexl@redhat.com alexander.larsson@gmail.com
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