FreeBSD Security Advisory FreeBSD-SA-19:01.syscall

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FreeBSD-SA-19:01.syscall Security Advisory
The FreeBSD Project

Topic: System call kernel data register leak

Category: core
Module: kernel
Announced: 2019-02-05
Credits: Konstantin Belousov
Affects: All supported versions of FreeBSD.
Corrected: 2019-02-05 17:52:06 UTC (stable/12, 12.0-STABLE)
2019-02-05 18:05:05 UTC (releng/12.0, 12.0-RELEASE-p3)
2019-02-05 17:54:02 UTC (stable/11, 11.2-STABLE)
2019-02-05 18:07:45 UTC (releng/11.2, 11.2-RELEASE-p9)
CVE Name: CVE-2019-5595

For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories,
including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the
following sections, please visit .

I. Background

The FreeBSD/amd64 architecture defines the SYSCALL instruction for syscalls,
and uses registers calling conventions for passing syscalls arguments and
return values in addition to the registers usage imposed by the SYSCALL and
SYSRET instructions in long mode. In particular, the arguments are passed in
registers specified by the C ABI, and the content of the registers specified
as caller-save, is undefined after the return from syscall.

II. Problem Description

The callee-save registers are used by kernel and for some of them (%r8, %r10,
and for non-PTI configurations, %r9) the content is not sanitized before
return from syscalls, potentially leaking sensitive information.

III. Impact

Typically an address of some kernel data structure used in the syscall
implementation, is exposed.

IV. Workaround

No workaround is available.

V. Solution

Perform one of the following:

1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to a supported FreeBSD stable or
release / security branch (releng) dated after the correction date,
and reboot.

2) To update your vulnerable system via a binary patch:

Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:

# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install
# shutdown -r +10m “Rebooting for security update”

3) To update your vulnerable system via a source code patch:

The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

[FreeBSD 12.0]
# fetch
# fetch
# gpg –verify syscall.patch.asc

[FreeBSD 11.2]
# fetch
# fetch
# gpg –verify syscall.patch.11.2.asc

b) Apply the patch. Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch

c) Recompile your kernel as described in
and reboot the

VI. Correction details

The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each
affected branch.

Branch/path Revision
– ————————————————————————-
stable/12/ r343781
releng/12.0/ r343788
stable/11/ r343782
releng/11.2/ r343789
– ————————————————————————-

To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:

# svn diff -cNNNNNN –summarize svn://

Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:

VII. References

The latest revision of this advisory is available at


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